Archive ouverte HAL – Role of Cis, Trans, and Inbreeding Effects on Meiotic Recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Xavier Raffoux 1 Mickael Bourge 2, 3, 4, 5 Fabrice Dumas 1 Olivier C. Martin 6, 1 Matthieu Falque 1

Xavier Raffoux, Mickael Bourge, Fabrice Dumas, Olivier C. Martin, Matthieu Falque. Role of Cis, Trans, and Inbreeding Effects on Meiotic Recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. GENETICS, 2018, 210 (4), pp.1213–1226. ⟨10.1534/genetics.118.301644⟩. ⟨hal-02183493⟩

Meiotic recombination is a major driver of genome evolution by creating new genetic combinations. To probe the factors driving variability of meiotic recombination, we used a high-throughput method to measure recombination rates in hybrids between SK1 and a total of 26 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains from different geographic origins and habitats. Fourteen intervals were monitored for each strain, covering chromosomes VI and XI entirely, and part of chromosome I. We found an average number of crossovers per chromosome ranging between 1.0 and 9.5 across strains (« domesticated » or not), which is higher than the average between 0.5 and 1.5 found in most organisms. In the different intervals analyzed, recombination showed up to ninefold variation across strains but global recombination landscapes along chromosomes varied less. We also built an incomplete diallel experiment to measure recombination rates in one region of chromosome XI in 10 different crosses involving five parental strains. Our overall results indicate that recombination rate is increasingly positively correlated with sequence similarity between homologs (i) in DNA double-strand-break-rich regions within intervals, (ii) in entire intervals, and (iii) at the whole genome scale. Therefore, these correlations cannot be explained by cis effects only. We also estimated that cis and trans effects explained 38 and 17%, respectively, of the variance of recombination rate. In addition, by using a quantitative genetics analysis, we identified an inbreeding effect that reduces recombination rate in homozygous genotypes, while other interaction effects (specific combining ability) or additive effects (general combining ability) are found to be weak. Finally, we measured significant crossover interference in some strains, and interference intensity was positively correlated with crossover number.

  • 1. GQE-Le Moulon – Génétique Quantitative et Evolution – Le Moulon (Génétique Végétale)
  • 2. I2BC – Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule
  • 3. Plateforme intégrée IMAGIF
  • 4. PF I2BC – Département Plateforme
  • 5. CYTO – Cytométrie
  • 6. LPTMS – Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques

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