Binding of heavy fermions by a single light atom in one dimension – Archive ouverte HAL

A. Tononi 1 J. Givois 1 D. S. Petrov 1

A. Tononi, J. Givois, D. S. Petrov. Binding of heavy fermions by a single light atom in one dimension. Physical Review A, American Physical Society 2022, 106 (1), pp.L011302. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.106.L011302⟩. ⟨hal-03784730⟩

We consider the problem of $N$ identical fermions interacting via a zero-range attractive potential with a lighter atom in one dimension. Using the few-body approach based on the Skorniakov and Ter-Martirosian equation, we determine the energies and the critical mass ratios for the emergence of the tetramer, pentamer, and hexamer. For large $N$, we solve the problem analytically by using the mean-field theory based on the Thomas-Fermi approximation. The system becomes bound when the heavy-to-light mass ratio exceeds a critical value which grows as $N^3$ at large $N$. We also employ a more sophisticated Hartree-Fock approach, which turns out to be equivalent to the Thomas-Fermi approximation for determining the energies, but provides a better description of the microscopic structure of the clusters.

  • 1. LPTMS – Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques

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