O. Benichou 1, 2, J. Klafter, M. Moreau 2, G. Oshanin 2
Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 62 (2000) 3327-3339
We study the dynamics of a carrier, which performs a biased motion under the influence of an external field E, in an environment which is modeled by dynamic percolation and created by hard-core particles. The particles move randomly on a simple cubic lattice, constrained by hard-core exclusion, and they spontaneously annihilate and re-appear at some prescribed rates. Using decoupling of the third-order correlation functions into the product of the pairwise carrier-particle correlations we determine the density profiles of the ‘environment’ particles, as seen from the stationary moving carrier, and calculate its terminal velocity, V_c, as the function of the applied field and other system parameters. We find that for sufficiently small driving forces the force exerted on the carrier by the ‘environment’ particles shows a viscous-like behavior. An analog Stokes formula for such dynamic percolative environments and the corresponding friction coefficient are derived. We show that the density profile of the environment particles is strongly inhomogeneous: In front of the stationary moving carrier the density is higher than the average density, $\rho_s$, and approaches the average value as an exponential function of the distance from the carrier. Past the carrier the local density is lower than $\rho_s$ and the relaxation towards $\rho_s$ may proceed differently depending on whether the particles number is or is not explicitly conserved.
- 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI – Paris Sud
- 2. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique des Liquides (LPTL),
CNRS : UMR7600 – Université Paris VI – Pierre et Marie Curie