Material design using molecular modeling for hydrogen storage – Archive ouverte HAL

Farida Lamari 1 Benno Weinberger 2 M. Kunowsky 2, 3 Dominique Levesque 4

Farida Lamari, Benno Weinberger, M. Kunowsky, Dominique Levesque. Material design using molecular modeling for hydrogen storage. AIChE Journal, Wiley, 2009, 55 (2), pp.538-547. ⟨10.1002/aic.11670⟩. ⟨hal-03359970⟩

Using grand canonical Monte-Carlo simulations, the adsorption capacities and isos-teric heats of hydrogen on activated carbons, graphite nanofibers, and bundles of carbon nanotubes are estimated for identical thermodynamic states. These computations allow a systematic, meaningful, and unbiased comparison of the adsorption properties of hydrogen in such porous materials. The comparison shows that the hydrogen storage capacity can he optimized, but only to a limited extent, in adjusting the material pore sizes and functionalizing a part of the adsorption sites. Therefore, at room, temperature and up to 70.0 MPa, for the three models of carbonaceous adsorbents, the hydrogen maximal excess adsorption is of the order of 2% of the adsorbent mass.

  • 1. LSPM – Laboratoire des Sciences des Procédés et des Matériaux
  • 2. LIMHP – Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Matériaux et des Hautes Pressions
  • 3. Universidad de Alicante
  • 4. LPTMS – Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques

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