### Kiryl Pakrouski ^{1} Michael R. Peterson ^{2} Thierry Jolicoeur ^{3} Vito W. Scarola ^{4} Chetan Nayak ^{5, 6} Matthias Troyer ^{1}

*Physical Review X*, American Physical Society, 2015, 5, pp.029901

Interesting non-Abelian states, e.g., the Moore-Read Pfaffian and the anti-Pfaffian, offer candidate descriptions of the $\nu = 5/2$ fractional quantum Hall state. But the significant controversy surrounding the nature of the $\nu = 5/2$ state has been hampered by the fact that the competition between these and other states is affected by small parameter changes. To study the phase diagram of the $\nu = 5/2$ state we numerically diagonalize a comprehensive effective Hamiltonian describing the fractional quantum Hall effect of electrons under realistic conditions in GaAs semiconductors. The effective Hamiltonian takes Landau level mixing into account to lowest-order perturbatively in $\kappa$, the ratio of the Coulomb energy scale to the cyclotron gap. We also incorporate non-zero width $w$ of the quantum well and sub-band mixing. We find the ground state in both the torus and spherical geometries as a function of $\kappa$ and $w$. To sort out the non-trivial competition between candidate ground states we analyze the following 4 criteria: its overlap with trial wave functions; the magnitude of energy gaps; the sign of the expectation value of an order parameter for particle-hole symmetry breaking; and the entanglement spectrum. We conclude that the ground state is in the universality class of the Moore-Read Pfaffian state, rather than the anti-Pfaffian, for $\kappa < {\kappa_c}(w)$, where ${\kappa_c}(w)$ is a $w$-dependent critical value $0.6 \lesssim{\kappa_c}(w)\lesssim 1$. We observe that both Landau level mixing and non-zero width suppress the excitation gap, but Landau level mixing has a larger effect in this regard. Our findings have important implications for the identification of non-Abelian fractional quantum Hall states.

- 1. Theoretische Physik
- 2. Department of Physics and Astronomy
- 3. LPTMS – Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
- 4. Department of Physics, Virginia tech
- 5. Station Q, Microsoft Research
- 6. UCSB – Physics Department, University of California at Santa Barbara