Séminaire du LPTMS: Kay Wiese (LPENS)


11:00 - 12:30

Petit amphi, bâtiment Pascal n° 530
rue André Rivière, Orsay, 91405

Type d’évènement

Carte non disponible

Force correlations in disordered systems and this year’s Nobel prize in physics

Kay Wiese (Laboratoire de Physique de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure)

Onsite + zoom.

Zoom link: https://cnrs.zoom.us/j/93731951533?pwd=VUNMSW04dzFBOUtTWGFqYkFPKzhwdz09

Meeting ID: 937 3195 1533
Passcode: 4prAN9

We study the force-force correlator for disordered elastic systems. We show that each of the relevant universality classes has its own function. The nicest experiments are for DNA unzipping and Barkhausen noise. For the latter we observe two distinct universality classes, depending on the range of spin interactions. In all cases force-force correlations grow linearly at small distances, while they are bounded at large distances. As a consequence, avalanches are anti-correlated, i.e. reduced in size, at short distances. Our theory is based on the functional renormalization group, which we compare to an alternative approach, namely mean-field theory with replica-symmetry breaking. The latter is one of the key achievements cited in this year’s Nobel prize for Giorgio Parisi. Another involves super mathematics, which we use to map charge-density waves to loop-erased random walks.


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